Toledo Talk

Economic Impact of Creative Industries in Northwest Ohio - Launch of Study Report - Oct. 2

Oct. 2, 2007
6:00pm to 7pm
Valentine Theatre
400 N Superior St.
Toledo, Ohio

created by jhostetler on Sep 24, 2007 at 12:06:02 pm     Comments: 8

source      versions

Comments ... #

I've heard that there are going to be some really impressive numbers revealed at this meeting. I'm surprised that with a city so concerned with there dwindling ecomony this thread hasn't garnered much interest... or maybe not.

posted by jhostetler on Sep 26, 2007 at 08:36:49 pm     #  

there = their

posted by jhostetler on Sep 26, 2007 at 08:37:00 pm     #  

Is this open to the public? If so, I hope to attend, although I fear my jeans and sandals wardrobe may not be appropriate, since the First Lady of Ohio will be present. I went to a couple of arts meetings at the Valentine and at the museum back in 2002 and 2003, and I was surprised how dressed up people were. It wasn't the opera or a symphony concert. It was a public meeting/presentation.

posted by jr on Sep 26, 2007 at 08:57:57 pm     #  

Yes, open to the public. I imagine it will be business casual...?

posted by jhostetler on Sep 27, 2007 at 10:09:58 am     #  

Oct 2, 2007 WUPW story: NW Ohio Arts Business Booming

Excerpts from an Oct 2, 2007 Bowling Green State University press release: Arts play big role in northwest Ohio economy

Arts and culture industries generate more than $2.4 billion in economic activity in northwest Ohio per year. They also help produce $246.5 million in federal, state and local tax revenue, and support more than 33,000 jobs in the region. Every dollar spent by arts and culture industries in northwest Ohio creates $1.62 for its economy.

A distinct feature of the study, the economist said, was its focus on the 27-county region. With a population of 1.8 million, the region stretches east to Sandusky and south nearly to Columbus, comprising roughly the northwest quarter of the state. In those 27 counties, his report indicated, arts and culture industries annually generate:
  • $1.5 billion in direct economic activity.
  • $928.6 million in indirect and induced economic activity. Indirect economic activity refers to business-to-business purchasing, such as an advertising agency buying its computers from another northwest Ohio company, Carroll explained. Induced economic activity is spending by employees of the 19 industries included in the study.
  • More than $150 million in federal tax revenue.
  • Nearly $97 million in state and local tax revenue.

Despite being home to Toledo, the largest city in the region, Lucas County accounts for only 33 percent of the economic activity measured by the study. Carroll attributes that to several factors, including the number of ad agencies throughout northwest Ohio, the presence of Sauder Village and Sauder Woodworking in Archbold, theaters around the region, and arts and culture-related activity in northern Wood County. “It's pretty diverse,” he said of northwest Ohio's creative industries.

The 19 examined industries follow a model developed by Americans for the Arts, the nation's leading nonprofit arts advocacy organization that has done similar economic impact studies. They range from arts-centric businesses such as nonprofit museums and theaters to for-profit telecommunications and advertising companies.

The industries and their economic impact on the region are, in descending order by dollars:
  1. newspaper publishers ($301.7 million)
  2. radio and television stations ($256.3 million)
  3. advertising and related services ($181.3 million)
  4. motion picture and video industries ($117.5 million)
  5. specialized design services ($108 million)
  6. museums ($107.6 million)
  7. ornamental and architectural metal work ($106 million)
  8. photographic services ($90.7 million)
  9. promoters of performing arts/agents ($88.4 million)
  10. independent artists, writers and performers ($80.7 million)
  11. sign manufacturing ($70.9 million)
  12. videotape and disc rental ($68.4 million)
  13. performing arts companies ($44.4 million)
  14. custom architectural woodwork and millwork ($8.4 million)
  15. sound recording industries ($8 million)
  16. book publishers ($4.4 million)
  17. musical instrument manufacturing ($2.6 million)
  18. cable television networks ($993,679)
  19. audio and video media reproduction ($751,984)

So newspaper publishers are #1 among the "Arts" industries, eh? What is this, some kind of scheme to drum up sympathy and support for the decaying newspaper industry?

Sep 27, 2007 Romenesko posting titled Should our government be asked to support journalism? which pointed to a Columbia Journalism Review article titled The Uncle Sam Solution.

Another interesting—and quite radical—idea for how government could support the press comes from Dean Baker, the co-director and co-founder of the Center for Economic and Policy Research, a nonpartisan think tank in Washington. He proposes a tax-credit system in which every citizen would be allowed a $100 donation to any creative outlet, including journalism. Creative organizations, such as museums and symphonies as well as media outlets, could register for eligibility to receive those donations on the condition that they forgo copyright. Such a tax credit would provide a funding mechanism for creative pursuits, particularly beneficial to start-ups, small organizations, and individuals. And taxpayers would reap an obvious reward: anything funded by the system would be available at zero cost.

[I]t’s worth noting that tax incentives are already used in a variety of industries, such as agriculture and manufacturing, and that they might also represent the best way to address the problems the press currently faces since they could be designed to promote specific general outcomes, such as hiring more reporters and editors or opening new bureaus.

Hallin believes it will “take another decade or two of newsroom cutbacks” before the idea of government support for the press is taken seriously.

June 2007 blog posting titled 10 obvious things about the future of newspapers you need to get through your head.

posted by jr on Oct 03, 2007 at 01:28:21 am     #  

I was very surprised to learn the 'industries' that they included in the study. I suppose that these could all be considered 'creative' but I'm certain most people would not classify them as "arts" ... and therein lies the problem. I expect that many who quote this study will not announce the distinction, especially when you consider that video rental stores are included...

And it's a really big territory that is covered... The counties are not listed on their website, so I called:


here is a good map showing them all.

posted by MaggieThurber on Oct 03, 2007 at 12:28:20 pm     #  

"5. specialized design services" - That's a broad description. Does that include computer software and engineering firms? If newspaper publishers are included as part of the "arts" then so should engineering companies.

What about law firms? A lawyer has to be pretty creative to convince a jury or a judge that someone is guilty or innocent.

What about landscaping companies? Sculpting a shrub, arranging flowers, getting that checkerboard-look in lawn grass.

I assume hair stylists and tattoo artists are included in this report.

The Jeep plant should be included as part of the arts industry. For some, a fine-looking vehicle is a piece of art.

Include all the Harley-Davidson stores too, since a Hog is both audio and visual art. For some, anyway. For others it's annoying. That's art. It's something in the eye or whatever.

"12. videotape and disc rental" - That's a good one.

If you want to create a piece of art, take a black-and-white photo of this BG report being flushed down the crapper.

Oct 3, 2007 Blade story

Before the development center undertook the study, Mr. Carroll said he and his staff discussed whether to focus on more traditional arts-related industries, such as museums. They settled on the broader approach, which relates to Mr. Florida's definition of the creative class. "That's why we didn't focus on the fine arts per se," he said.

Mr. Carroll called the study's $2.4 billion figure conservative - "it could be closer to $4 billion" - because it did not tally certain architectural services or visitor spending at arts events, in addition to other phenomena.

Mr. Florida, for instance, has included accountants as part of his creative class.

Enron employed some artistic accountants for a while.

So the creator of the report admits it's not broad enough. It didn't include certain architectural services, but it did include video stores and newspapers. It could be argued that any company that employs IT people should be considered part of the arts industry.

posted by jr on Oct 03, 2007 at 01:12:02 pm     #  

Defining the Classes in Dr. Florida's book The Rise of the Creative Class :

Creative Class

Super-Creative Core

  • Computer and mathematical occupations
  • Architecture and engineering occupations
  • Life, physical, and social science occupations
  • Education, training, and library occupations
  • Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

Creative Professionals

  • Management occupations
  • Business and financial operations occupations
  • Legal occupations
  • Health care practitioners and technical occupations
  • High-end sales and sales management

Working Class

  • Construction and extraction occupations
  • Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations
  • Production occupations
  • Transportation and material moving occupations

Service Class

  • Health care support occupations
  • Food preparation and food-service-related occupations
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations
  • Personal care and service occupations
  • Office and administrative support occupations
  • Community and social services occupations
  • Protective service occupations


  • Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

posted by jr on Oct 03, 2007 at 01:24:58 pm     #